Tuesday, July 28, 2020

international Affairs; Relationship of Gabon with America and China

International Affairs; Relationship of Gabon with China and America

Gabon is the developing African country. Gabon’s struggles for the peace in Africa do not be ignored. Gabon has strong relationship with other countries and many agencies such as World Bank, Organization of African Unity (OAU), Central African Custom Union (UDEAC/CEMAC), EC association under Lome Convention, Communaute Financiere Africaine (CFA), Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), Non-Aligned movement and Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC).

 Gabon is also member of International Criminal Court and UN. Gabon’s Armed force also played an important role in UN Peacekeeping Mission to the Central African Republic (MINURCA).

 Gabon has strong relationship with other countries such as United State of America, China, France, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Mexico, South Korea, Kosovo, India, Equatorial Guinea, Canada, Armenia etc. Here relationship of Gabon with America and China are discussed.

Relationship of Gabon with America

After the independence from France in 1960 America established his domestic relationship with Gabon. Struggles of Gabon for environmental problems such as climate change, increase regional cooperation and protection of human rights are always supported by USA. Lots of commitments such as strengthen Gabon’s economy, expand bilateral trade, trafficking of combat wildlife and ensure security in the Gulf of Guinea was signed between these countries.

Gabon’s economy is strong due to oil production. This oil is exported to America from Gabon. Manganese Ores, Agricultural products and woods are also imported by America from Gabon. US exports machinery, vehicles, agricultural, medical and optical instruments to Gabon. Gabon maintains on embassy in US at 2034 20th St. NW, Washington, DC, 20009 (tel.202.797.1000).

Gabon-China relationships

In 1970s Gabon’s former president Omar Bongo decided to diverse Gabon’s relationship with other countries. Economic relationship with China since 1990s was the first priority of this strategy. After Omar Bongo’s death his son Ali Bongo continued relationship with China but he seemed less enthusiastic than his father about economic relationship with China due to internal politics.

During 35 years Omar Bongo visited eleven times to China for economical trade, infrastructure projects such as National Assembly built in 2002.

2004 proved turning point for the relationship of China and Gabon when President Hu Jintao visited Gabon. After 2004 Chinese authorities build the Stade De l’Amitie’ Sino-Gabonese (Sino-Gabonese Friendship Stadium). Many economical commitments were signed.

After this Chinese oil imports from Gabon increased to nearly US $1 billion in 2009. Gabon imported mechanical, machinery, construction and electrical appliances from China. Gabon exported Oil and mineral products to the world in which only 8% go to China.

In educational level China is also providing Gabonese students 40 scholarships per year. In 2012 probably 300 Gabonese students was learning in China. Gabon also has military relationship with China. China has become most crucial partner of Gabon than US, EU or even France.


Tuesday, July 7, 2020

Life of former president of Gabon Omar Bongo Ondimba

                        Omar Bongo Ondimba

In 1967 Le’on M’ba died Omar Bongo Ondimba elected as the president of Gabon. Until his death in 2009 he remained a president of Gabon. He remained 42 years as a president.
He was the great man of faith. He always tried for the betterment of Gabonese people though it against his or his family’s interest. His struggle causes much improvement in the life and value of Gabonese people.


He was born in Bongoville the city of Gabon in 30 December 1935.It was the day when the man who struggle for goodness of Gabonese people in the ups and downs of life was appear in the world.

Education and Early life

In 1973 when he converted to Islam he changed his name as El Hadj Omar Bongo. He completed his primary and secondary education in Brazzaville. He also got a job at the post and telecommunications public services.
 After this he also joined a French military as a Second Lieutenant and also remained First Lieutenant in Air force in Brazziville, Bangui and Fort Lamy. He also work as captain in French army.


He was the son of Jeanne Ebori and Basile Ondimba. His name included “Ondimba” due to recognition of his father Basile Ondimba. Omar Bongo had more than 30 children.  
His first married with Louise Mouyabi-Moukala. His and Louise’s daughter was former foreign minister and subsequently director of the presidential cabinet.
Bongo secondly married with Josephine Bongo also known as patience Dabany. He divorced her in 1987. Ali Bongo which is the current president of Gabon and Albertine Amissa Bongo are their children.
Edith Lucie Bongo was the third wife of Omar Bongo. She was died on 14 March 2009 in Rabat. She was buried in her native land, Congo.

Political career

He was the former leading personality of Gabonese Democratic Party. He remained in different ministries such as ministry of foreign affairs, ministry of interior (1967-1970), Prime minister (1967-1975), ministry of planning (1967-1977), ministry of information (1967-1980) and ministry of defense (1967-1981). He also became the vice-president in 1960. From 1967 to 2009 he was the president of Gabon. At these stages, he presented amazingly his country Gabon.

Illness and death

It was announced by Gabonese government that Bongo had temporarily suspended his duties. On this International media said that he was seriously ill in Spain. Many unconfirmed questions raised about Bongo’s health. But eventually it was confirmed by Gabonese Prime minister that Bongo was not alive on 8 June 2009. His dead body was laid for Five days, as thousands of people living in Gabon and abroad came to pay their respect. He was buried in private family burial, Franceville on 18 June 2009.
   His struggle, spirit and helpful activities for the Gabonese people will never be forgotten.

Sunday, July 5, 2020

Current president of Gabon Ali Bongo Ondimba his illness, education, family and political career

Ali Bongo Ondimba

Ali bongo Ondimba is the current president of Gabon. After the death of Omer Bongo he became the third president of Gabon since October 2009.
According to AFP news agency when Ali bongo was taking the oath of presidency on Tuesday’s ceremony he said to the Gabonese people,” I pledge to devote all my efforts for the betterment of the people of Gabon and ensure their wellbeing…..and respect and defend the constitution and the rule of law.”


               He was born in February 1959 in Brazzaville which is the capital of Congo.


              He was educated from private school in France and Neuily. He also studied Law at the Sorbonne. He also graduated from Wuhan University in China for doctorate degree. Funk album was released by him in 1977.


         He is the son of former president of Gabon Omar Bongo Ondimba and Patience Debany.
Ali Bongo married with the daughter of Edouard Valentin, Sylvia Najma Valentin in 1989. Edouard Valentin is the CEO of the OGAR insurance company. Sylvia Najma Valentin was born in France.
In 1994 Ali Bongo married with his second wife Inge Lynn Collins Bongo. She belongs to Los Angeles the city of California in America. She later filed for divorce in 2005.
Bongo has three sons Noureddin Bongo Valentin, Jalil Bongo Ondimba and Bilal Bongo. He also has one daughter Malika Bongo Ondimba. These all children are adopted by him and Sylvia Najma in 2002.

Political career

                            When the father of Ali Bongo, Omar Bongo was president he was Foreign minister from 1989 to 1991. As a deputy in National Assembly he also represented Bongoville from 1991 to 1999. He also remains the Defense minister from 1999 to 2009.
After the death of his father, he became the president of Gabon by winning the August 2009 Presidential election. It was said by Constitutional court that he got 42% vote in Election. In August 2016 he also again elected as a president. Now he also leading the Gabonese Democratic party.

Illness of Ali Bongo

  Bongo was hospitalized in Riyadh for an undisclosed illness. He was transferred to a Military hospital Rabat on 29 November 2018. It was confirmed by Gabon’s vice president Moussavo in 9 December 2018 that “Bongo suffered illness in Riyadh. Now he is in private residence in Rabat.” From 24 October 2018 to 01 January 2019 Bongo was not been appeared then Gabonese people think that he may be died. On 01 January 2019 he addressed to his people through video. At this some people living Abroad claimed that the man was addressing in the video was not Bongo. In August 2019 Bongo appears in public after his stroke.

Friday, July 3, 2020

Gabon the central Africian country

Independence of Gabon

       In 1960 Gabon got independent from France. It became a new republic to get the right of freedom of speech, freedom from slavery and right to adequate living standard. It is the richest African country.

Presidents of Gabon

          After the independence from France in 1960 just tree leaders ruled on Gabon. The first president of Gabon was “Gabriel Leon M’ba” from 1961 to 1967.
          After the death of Le’on M’ba the presidency was granted to “Omar Bongo Ondimba”. He ruled about 42 years on Gabon. He was the longest serving head of the government in the world and longest serving head of the state of Africa.
          After his death in 8 June 2009 his son “Ali Bongo Ondimba” became the president of Gabon in October 2009. Now Ali Bongo Ondima is ruling over Gabon since 2009.


Gabon is the country of central Africa. Gabon is bordered by Atlantic Ocean, Equatorial Guinea and Cameroon to the North and The Republic of Congo to the East and South.

Natural Resources of Gabon

          Gabon is a rich county according to their natural resources. Diamond, Gold, Petroleum, Natural Gas, Niobium, Cement, Phosphate Rocks, Manganese, Uranium and Iron Ore are highly produced in Gabon.

Population of Gabon

          According to UN data the current estimated population of Gabon is 2,225,734 which is equivalent of 0.03% of the total population of the world. Gabon ranks number is 146 in the list of most populated countries.

Capital of Gabon

Librevillo is the capital and largest city of Gabon. It is the Port of Komo River near the Gulf of Guinea. In 2013 its population was 703,904.


          The national language of Gabon is “Fang” however French is its official language. Bantu and Eshira are also spoken by the people of Gabon. Eshira is spoken by 10th of the population of Gabon.
Flag of Gabon

The flag of Gabon consists three horizontal green, yellow and blue bands. It was adopted in 1960. The yellow color in the center of Gabon’s flag represents Equator which cuts across the country and also symbolizes the sun. The green color of flag represents natural resources and extensive forested area of Gabon. The blue color in the flag represents sea.